April 7, 2007

BIOconversion 101: The BioTown Sourcebook

For anyone who desires a simple introduction to what BIOmass Conversion technologies are I suggest a careful reading of a brief technical overview document called The BioTown, USA Sourcebook of Biomass Energy (released in April, 2006). It was written for the Indiana State Department of Agriculture by scientist and fellow blogger, Mark Jenner, PhD. who has his own website called Biomass Rules.

Below you can see an overview graphic that charts where conversion technologies (highlighted in blue) fall in proper context for addressing BIOstock, BIOoutput, and BIOwaste issues. For this reason, I offer a similar 101 abstract treatment in each of my BlogRing blogs.


This BioTown sourcebook is the official inventory on local energy use, available biomass fuels and emerging technologies for Reynolds, Indiana. As such, it can serve as an inventory template for any similarly focused study of a medium-sized rural community. It greater importance is its microcosmic view of rural communities as decentralized, sustainable entities that possess more than enough biomass to service their own energy needs.

Below is a table from the fifth section of the report addressing Biomass Energy Conversion Technologies.

The section addresses not only the difference between combustion pyrolysis and gasification, but also lists the benefits and liabilities of each base technology in addition to a partial listing of vendors developing the expertise in North America.

This report is not a utopian call to return to rural, communal living. It is, instead, an affirmation that there are many biomass resources available and technologies in development to provide environmentally clean bioenergy alternatives to the existing fossil fuel energy paradigm. Rural communities can develop expertise and marketable output best suited to their own resources and industries. Urban communities can develop some technologies that are relevant to the diversion of trash from landfills.

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The BioTown, USA Sourcebook of Biomass Energy

BioTown, USA is Indiana Governor, Mitch Daniel’s, bold approach to develop local renewable energy production, create a cleaner environment, find new solutions to municipal/animal waste issues, and develop new markets for Indiana products – all at the same time. BioTown, USA is quite simply the conversion of Reynolds, Indiana from a reliance on fossil fuels to biomass-based fuels. With the implementation of BioTown, USA, a template will be set that simultaneously promotes Indiana energy security, rural development, profitable agriculture and a green, thriving natural resource environment.

The only conclusion that can be made is that BioTown, USA is profoundly thermodynamically and technologically viable. Reynolds, Indiana used 227,710 million BTUs (MMBTU) in 2005. White County annually produces over 16,881,613 MMBTU in undeveloped biomass energy resources. That is 74 times more energy than Reynolds consumed in 2005.

BioTown, USA is a concept whose time has come. This Sourcebook and subsequent BioTown reports will serve as vital stepping stones to the implementation of BioTown, USA and subsequent bioeconomic rural development opportunities across Indiana and the nation.

technorati , , , , , , , , , decentralization

3 comments:

Anonymous said...

Any discussion regarding alternative fuels should defui=inately include the alternative to alternative fuels; the KDV catylitic biomassconversion.

This is a remarkable technology that consumes all things organic and does it with out pressure and the lowest temperature of the industry.

The end product is high quality, ultra-low sulfer, high energy content, and accomplishes it without rapeing the food chain.

Large metropolitain cities would benefit with the installation of the Herhof recycling facility to sort out (automatically) the various sub-categories, and then feeding the schredded organic waste to a co-generated KDV unit.

From here, high grade, lo-sulfer diesel, equevalent to standard#2 diesel, is extracted and provided back to the municipality at a sizable discount. Annual budget for city buses, roadcrew vehicles, school buses, big rigs, etc can be slashed by tens to hundreds of thousands of dollars.

The added plus is these millions of gallons displace like amounts of imported fossil crude.

much more information is available at: www.energy-visions.com

This is viable technology with many 'pluses' available now.

Anonymous said...

http://www.wesnetindia.org/fileadmin/newsletter_pdf/Aug06/Waste_Management.pdf
Abstract of above article
Effective Management of Solid and Liquid Waste

Waste management needs to be holistic and must adopt an approach that is closer to nature to bring about multi fold benefits. Waste management techniques need to be revisited and modified to suit present day’s complexities to avoid entry of toxic wastes into the environment, which are being increasingly produced at homes and other establishments. Treatment of waste generated at household, farms and other biological waste generating sources must include segregation, methanation and stabilisation along with the use of biosanitiser to treat waste in a holistic manner. ( www.biosanitiser.com )

(From Santhanam R., New Delhi, India

Luca said...

and gasification of biomass makes a lot of sense too if a feed-in to the local gas grid is considered, raising furhter overall energy chain efficiency.

some political and business interests with clout are pushing such a biomass-to-grid idea already in germany...

http://greenandbeyond.blogspot.com/2007/09/biogas-not-gazprom.html